About Canada

Canada could be a North yankee country consisting of 10 provinces and 3 territories. set within the northern a part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean. North American country is that the world’s second-largest country by total space, and its common border with the us is that the world’s longest land border shared by a similar 2 countries.
The land that’s currently North American country has been owner-occupied for millennia by varied Aboriginal peoples. starting within the late fifteenth century, British and French colonial expeditions explored, and later settled, the region’s coast. France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America to the uk in 1763 once the French and Indian War, that was basically the North yankee theatre of the Seven Years’ War. In 1867, with the union of 3 British North yankee colonies through Confederation, North American country was shaped as a federal dominion of 4 provinces. This began AN accretion of provinces and territories and a method of accelerating autonomy, culminating within the North American country Act 1982.                                                                
Canada could be a federal state ruled as a republic and a constitutional autarchy, with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state. The country is formally bilingual and doctrine at the federal level, with a population of roughly thirty five million as of 2013. Canada’s advanced economy is one in every of the most important within the world, relying mainly upon its rich natural resources and well-developed trade networks, particularly within the us, with that it’s had a protracted and sophisticated relationship.
Canada could be a developed country, with the ninth highest per capita financial gain globally, and therefore the eleventh highest Human Development Index ranking. It ranks among the best in international measurements of education, government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, and economic freedom. North American country could be a recognized middle power and a member of the many international establishments, together with the G7, G8, G20, ICCPR, NATO, NAFTA, OECD, WTO, Commonwealth of states, Francophonie, OAS, APEC, and therefore the UN.

Fact Sheet:

Capital Ottawa
Largest city Toronto
Official languages English / French
Demonym Canadian

  • Monarch
  • Governor General
  • Prime Minister
  • Chief Justice

  • Elizabeth II
  • David Johnston
  • Stephen Harper
  • Beverley McLachlin

  • Upper house
  • Lower house

  • Senate
  • House of Commons

  • Total
  • Water (%)
  • 9,984,670 km2 (2nd) 3,854,085 sq mi
  • 8.92 (891,163 km2 / 344,080 mi2)

  • 2011 census
  • 33,476,688
  • Density
  • 3.41/km2 (228th) 8.3/sq mi
  • Canadian dollar ($) (CAD)
Time zone

  • Summer (DST)
  • (UTC−3.5 to −8)
  • (UTC−2.5 to −7)
Date format dd-mm-yyyy
yyyy-mm-dd (CE)
Calling code +1
ISO 3166 code CA
Internet TLD .ca

Largest Metropolitan Areas in by Population (2011 Census)

Name Province Population Name Province Population
Toronto Ontario 5,583,064 London Ontario 474,786
Montreal Quebec 3,824,221 St.Catharines
Ontario 392,184
Vancouver British
2,313,328 Halifax NovaSctia 390,328
1,236,324 Oshawa Ontario 356,177
Calgary Alberta 1,214,839 Victoria British
Edmonton Alberta 1,159,869 Windsor Ontario 319,246
Quebec quebec 765,706 Saskatoon Saskatchewan 260,600
Winnipeg Manitoba 730,018 Regina Saskatchewan 210,556
Hamilton Ontario 721,053 Sherbrooke Quebec 201,890
Ontario 477,160 St. John’s Newfoundland
and Labrador