Australia formally the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country comprising the solid ground of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and various smaller islands. it’s the world’s sixth-largest country by total space. Neighboring countries embracestate, East Timor and Papua island to the north; the Solomon Islands, land and New Caledonia to the northeast; and New island to the southeast.
On first January 1901, the six colonies federate, forming the Commonwealth of Australia. Since Federation, Australia has maintained a stable liberal democratic form of government that functions as a federal republic and constitutional autocracy. The federation contains six states and several other territories. The population of twenty three.1 million is extremely urbanised and heavily targeted within thejap states.
A extremely developed country and one in every of the wealthiest, Australia is that the world’s 12th-largest economy and has the world’s fifth-highest per capita financial gain. Australia’s military expenditure is that the world’s 13th-largest. With the second-highest human development index globally, Australia ranks extremely in several international comparisons of national performance, like quality of life, health, education, economic freedom, and also the protection of civil liberties and political rights. Australia may be a member of the G20, OECD, WTO, APEC, UN, Commonwealth of countries, ANZUS, and also the Pacific Islands Forum

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Capital Canberra
Largest city Sydney
Official languages None
National Language English
Demonym Australian, Aussie

  • Monarch
  • Governor General
  • Prime Minister
  • Chief Justice
Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy

  • Elizabeth II
  • Quentin Bryce
  • Kevin Rudd
  • Beverley McLachlin

  • Upper house
  • Lower house

  • Senate
  • House of Representatives
Area- Total– Water (%) 7,692,024 km22,969,907 sq mi
Population- 2013 estimate– 2011 Census 23,162,34221,507,717
Density 2.8/km2, 7.3/sq mi
Currency Australian Dollar ($) (AUD)
Time zone- Summer (DST) (UTC+8 to +10.5)(UTC+8 to +11.5)
Date format DD-mm-yyyy
Calling code +61
ISO 3166 code AU
Internet TLD .au